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North Pacific Coast Guard Forum Summit
18 September 2021

Vice Admiral Michael McAllister, commander of USCG Pacific Area, during the 21st North Pacific Coast Guard Forum Summit, 14-16 September. - photo by Cmdr. C. Parrish. USCG ©

The commander of US Coast Guard Pacific Area, an Alameda, California-based unit that oversees US Coast Guard activities from the US western states to Asia and from the Arctic to Antarctica, hosted an annual forum summit with coast guard counterparts from five countries on 14, 15 and 16 September. During this year's North Pacific Coast Guard Forum Summit, forum members gathered virtually over the course of three days to discuss topics such as challenges in the North Pacific, the need for coordinated responses to those challenges, and Japan Coast Guard's best practices and lessons learned while supporting the Tokyo Olympics.
Vice Admiral Michael F McAllister commented: 'The forum presents us the invaluable opportunity to communicate best practices, learn from each other and share information on myriad topics including search and rescue, counterdrug, pollution response, illicit trafficking, and illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, among others.'


Greek Civil Aviation Authority navigation aids infrastructure modernisation
06 September 2021

Illustration kindly provided by Thales ©

It was announced last month that the Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority had awarded Thales a contract to support the modernisation of the Greek civil aviation navigation aids infrastructure.
This turnkey contract includes the supply of ten Doppler VHF Omnidirectional Range (DVOR) beacons, thirteen Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) and six Instrument Landing Systems (ILS). It also comprises installation of instruments on eighteen different sites across the country, from remote mountain peaks, to major hubs such as Athens International Airport.
The Navigation Surveillance capabilities will ensure all-weather, en route navigation and approach services and will significantly increase both safety and air traffic efficiency.


Application and usability of ECDIS - an Anglo-Danish collaborative study
03 September 2021

On 2 September the UK Marine Accident Investigation Branch (MAIB) and the Danish Maritime Accident Investigation Board (DMAIB) published a study to generate an understanding of the practical application and usability of ECDIS and to support future ECDIS design, training strategies and the development of best practices.
A joint statement by Oessur Hilduberg, Head of the DMAIB and Andrew Moll, Chief Inspector of Marine Accidents, MAIB has been issued and reads: 'Investigation of groundings since 2008 have repeatedly shown that where ECDIS was the primary means of navigation it was not being used to its full potential.
There was a significant mismatch between the intention of the performance standards and system designers, and the way the watchkeepers were using the system. This study set out to understand whether the findings of accident investigations could be extrapolated as representing the wider marine industry and, if so, why.'


IAAC Missile Guidance workshop
01 September 2021

'We're pleased to announce the forthcoming IAAC workshop on Missile Guidance, which (touch wood) will be held in the Daniel Hotel, Herzliya on 18 October, 2021. The workshop is organized by Dr Haim Weiss from RAFAEL. The program and the registration form are available in the workshop invitation and more details can be found in its book of abstracts.'


US Lighthouse re-dedication
22 August 2021

The Coast Guard held a rededication ceremony at the New Point Loma Lighthouse in San Diego - USCG photo by Alex Gray, USCG ©
The Hon. Scott Peters, US House of Representatives, and Rear Admiral Brian K Penoyer, 11th USCG District commander, cut the ribbon during the rededication ceremony - USCG photo by Alex Gray, USCG ©

On 20 August the US Coast Guard held a rededication ceremony at New Point Loma Lighthouse in San Diego, California. Rededication is the official recognition of the light station's service career and honours its history as a Coast Guard aid to navigation.
Captain Timothy J Barelli, the Coast Guard Sector San Diego commander commented: 'Every time you see this light flash, know that lives are being saved, trade and travellers are flowing through our marine transit system, illegal drugs are prevented from entering our great nation and sailors are welcomed home.'
The lighthouse was placed on secondary power in April 2017 while contractors and Coast Guard staff conducted renovations. This restoration cost over $2 million and took approximately three years to complete. Coast Guard staff spent more than 30 hours rewiring the light during the final stages of construction, and the main light was formally re-lit in March of 2020.


Juan Carlos Salazar, new ICAO SG takes office
21 August 2021

Top: The President of the ICAO Council, Mr Salvatore Sciacchitano (left), with the Secretary General of ICAO, Mr Juan Carlos Salazar. Bottom: Mr Juan Carlos Salazar signs his Solemn Declaration as SG of ICAO.

Earlier this month it was announced from Montréal that Juan Carlos Salazar of Colombia officially assumed the office of ICAO Secretary General, succeeding Dr Fang Liu of China.
Juan Carlos Salazar assumed this role as CEO of the UN's specialized agency for civil aviation as the international flight network continues to assure the efficient global movement of food, vaccines, e-commerce, and other essential supplies and personnel, despite the air transport industry still being severely confronted by Covid-19, greatly diminished routes, and slowly rebounding international air travel and tourism.
Mr Salazar commented: 'It is a great honour to be assuming this role at this time, and to have the opportunity to help governments and ICAO play an important part in how this sector builds back better and recovers from the global pandemic.'


GNSS+ 2021
18 August 2021

ION GNSS+ 2021 is taking place from 20 to 24 September in St. Louis, Missouri (virtual option available for those unable to join us in St. Louis).
ION GNSS+ 2021 includes a virtual option for those who are unable to travel. Virtual Registration offers access to all on-demand conference content, live streams of select sessions, proceedings, as well as recordings of the sessions that were live streamed during the conference. ION GNSS+ Virtual Registration includes virtual contact with ION GNSS+ exhibitors and CGSIC's technical program.
ION GNSS+ 2021 will feature seven pre-conference tutorials held on Tuesday, 21 September. Tutorials can be participated either in-person or virtually by recognized leaders in their field. A rebroadcast virtual tutorial has also been added to this year's tutorial program to accommodate our international virtual audience.


IATA and UNCTAD e-commerce accord
16 August 2021

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the International Air Transport Association (IATA) announced from Geneva on 14 August that they would extend their partnership to facilitate global trade. The two organizations will leverage their leadership in their respective fields to boost e-commerce in developing countries through improved exchanges of trade data.
It is understood that the extended partnership will enrich their history of working together. This includes the successful integration of air cargo messaging standards (Cargo-XML) into UNCTAD's automated customs management system, ASYCUDAWorld. For the 100 counties choosing to deploy the latest version of ASYCUDAWorld, this enables more efficient processing of air cargo shipments.
The next stage of the collaboration will focus on enabling ASYCUDAWorld to manage e-commerce shipments more efficiently. It will include adding a risk assessment for mail shipments and facilitating access to the IATA enhanced partner identification and connectivity (EPIC) platform.


World Cargo Symposium, Istanbul, 12 - 14 October 2021
15 August 2021

The World Cargo Symposium (WCS) is the largest and most prestigious annual event of its kind and the only one to bring together key stakeholders from the entire air cargo supply chain. This year it will be held at the Hilton Bomonti, Istanbul, 12 - 14 October. WCS 2021 is the 14th event in a series and will feature plenary sessions, specialised tracks, workshops and executive summits, tackling aspects of technology and innovation, security and Customs, cargo operations and sustainability. This event is expected to be attended by over 1,000 representatives in the air cargo business with more than 40 exhibitors; World Cargo Symposium, is to be hosted by Turkish Cargo.


European NOP 2021 Rolling Seasonal Plan
14 August 2021

In mid-August EUROCONTROL announced publication of the 40th edition of its Network Manager's European Network Operations Plan (NOP) - Rolling Seasonal Plan.
It was learnt learn that an updated version of the Plan is published every Friday, covering a rolling six-week period and consolidating data from 350 airlines, 68 area control centres (ACCs), 55 airports and 43 States.
Three days later, on the Monday, it is reviewed by operational stakeholders in the ad hoc Enlarged NDOP1 Recovery Cell, a body that brings together Europe's Network air navigation service providers (ANSPs), airports, airlines and military Directors of Operations to enhance performance and tackle issues on a network basis, as inputs for the next edition.
The Plan plays a major role in helping European aviation to recover by providing aviation's key actors with the global view they need to plan effectively.


Israel Navigation Conference and Exhibition
08 August 2021

The Navigation Workshop is a biennial event organized and sponsored by the Israel Association for Automatic Control (IAAC).
Following the huge success of previous events, IAAC is now starting to organise the 2022 edition, scheduled for 31 January next, at the Daniel Hotel, Herzliya, Israel.
The workshop is a one day event dedicated to technical talks that range from fundamental research, to applications, to field test results.


Navigational warnings - Reporting and broadcasting hazards at sea
06 August 2021

A notice publishing information for ship owners and operators about the types of hazards that need reporting has been issued by the (UK) Maritime & Coastguard Agency (MCA).
The MCA is responsible for broadcasting the warnings issued by the UK Hydrographic Office (UKHO) to vessels at sea. Radio broadcasts are made about known and potential risks.
In its paper Navigation warnings the MCA outlines:
- How and when warnings are broadcast.
- What kind of activities require a warning.
- How to inform UKHO that a hazard requires a navigational warning.
- Broadcast charges to those responsible for the hazard that is issued as a warning.

The document was first published on 1 May 2014 and updated on 4 August this year.


IMO announces World Maritime theme 2022 - New technologies for greener shipping
03 August 2021

This World Maritime Theme provides an opportunity to focus on a sustainable maritime sector and the need to build back better and greener in a post-pandemic world. - Photo © IMO

New technologies for greener shipping has been chosen as the World Maritime theme for 2022, reflecting the need to support a green transition of the maritime sector into a sustainable future, while leaving no one behind. This was reported by IMO in July.
The IMO Council, meeting for its 125th session (28 June-2 July), endorsed the theme following a proposal by IMO Secretary-General Kitack Lim.
Mr Lim said the theme would provide an opportunity to focus on the importance of a sustainable maritime sector and the need to build back better and greener in a post pandemic world. He commented: 'IMO actively supports a greener transition of the shipping sector into a sustainable future, and showcases maritime innovation, research and development, and the demonstration and deployment of new technologies.'


IATA World Air Transport Statistics (WATS)
03 August 2021

It was announced from Montreal on 3 August that the International Air Transport Association (IATA) had released the IATA World Air Transport Statistics (WATS) publication with performance figures for 2020 demonstrating the devastating effects on global air transport during that year of the COVID-19 crisis.
Willie Walsh, IATA's Director General commented: '2020 was a year that we'd all like to forget. But analyzing the performance statistics for the year reveals an amazing story of perseverance. At the depth of the crisis in April 2020, 66% of the world's commercial air transport fleet was grounded as governments closed borders or imposed strict quarantines. A million jobs disappeared. And industry losses for the year totaled $126 billion.'


IMO updates Maritime Administrators in the Caribbean
25 July 2021

According to news from the excellent IMO media service on 23 July senior maritime administrators in the Caribbean participated in the latest Regional Workshop, which was held virtually on 19 & 20 July.
This workshop provided Caribbean maritime administrators with an overview of regulatory and other developments in the international and regional maritime sector as well as on current and future technical cooperation activities organised by IMO. The workshop facilitated exchange of information between Caribbean administrations.


Ready for launch: one of the most advanced and critical space systems
19 July 2021

A robotic arm with strong Danish roots is to be sent to the International Space Station. - image courtesy ESA©

It was reported from Lystrup, Denmark on 19 July that the Space Department at Terma were following anxiously the Proton rocket launch on 21 July at Baikonur bound for the international space station, ISS. On board is the new robotic arm in which the Danish company has been deeply involved.
Carsten Jørgensen, Senior Vice President and Director of the Terma Space division commented: 'Even though there has over time been many rocket launches, space travel will never become routine - even for us who have worked within this area for many years.'
He and his colleagues have during the last 20 years been involved in design and development of the new robotic arm, also known as European Robotic Arm or ERA, which will now be sent to the space station. Here it will be used to complete the space station and among other things handle some of the larger construction panels, replace spare parts, and inspect the surface of the space station.


2021 IAIN World Congress cancelled
10 July 2021

The Officers of IAIN are disappointed to have to announce that the 17th IAIN World Congress, due to be held in Edinburgh in November 2021 has been cancelled as a result of restrictions on travel arising from the current global pandemic.
It is anticipated that the next IAIN World Congress will be held in the People’s Republic of China in 2024.
More details such as venue and dates will be announced in due course.


CSIRO offers research time on earth observation satellites
07 July 2021

Earth observation satellite NovaSAR-1 - illustration kindly provided by Surrey Satellite Technology ©
Peter Renehan walks the property of Australia's first aboriginal-owned commercial satellite ground station - illustration © www.csiro.au

It was announced on 8 July that Australian researchers in industries such as agriculture and natural disaster management can apply to direct the Earth observation satellite NovaSAR-1 by accessing Australia's share of the satellite, managed by CSIRO, Australia's national science agency. This will mark the first time Australia has managed its own source of Earth observation data, contributing to the growth of the nation's space industry.
It is understood that the satellite can take images of the Earth through all weather, including heavy cloud and smoke, offering a valuable data advantage to the many industries now harnessing the estimated $2.5 billion in economic benefits from the Earth observation sector.


UK Marine Safety Week
06 July 2021

5 July marked the start of Maritime Safety Week 2021, a week that gives the UK marine industry an opportunity to focus on the steps that can collectively be taken to improve safety.
Andrew Moll, Chief Inspector of marine accidents shared a few words: 'As our recent Annual Report highlights, the industry continues to face a number of persistent safety challenges. For MAIB there are three main areas of concern that we'll be highlighting this week along with reiterating the important safety learning uncovered through our investigations. We'll be discussing safety issues involving ultra large vessels and container ships; recreational craft and fishing vessel safety.'


ION's NAVIGATION - Sixth year of growth
06 July 2021

The Institute of Navigation announces its quarterly journal, NAVIGATION, The Journal of The (US) Institute of Navigation, has recorded its sixth consecutive year of growth of the publication's Journal Impact Factor (JIF).

We at IAIN send our congratulations.

The JIF, an index that calculates the yearly average number of citations to recent articles published in a journal, is considered a bellwether of the relative importance of a journal within its field. A journal with a higher impact factor generally is viewed as being more important than those with a lower impact factor due to its citation rate.
NAVIGATION's JIF has now increased to 2.1, representing a consecutive seven-year increase.


IMO's World Maritime Day, 25 June
28 June 2021

IMO Secretary-General Kitack Lim

The Day of the Seafarer, held on 25 June every year, draws global attention to the contribution that seafarers make to world trade.
As the world slowly moves through the pandemic, it is more important than ever not only to acknowledge the efforts that seafarers have made to keeping the supply chain open despite extremely challenging conditions, but also to ensure that the future being built is one that is fair to them. This is why IMO's 2021 Day of the Seafarer campaign chose the theme: A Fair Future for Seafarers.
Readers are invited to see IMO Secretary-General Kitack Lim in the 2021 Day of the Seafarer video.


Protector sails north
26 June 2021

Illustrations MoD Crown Copyright 2021 ©

Protector is the Royal Navy's Ice Patrol Ship, and has recently completed a five-yearly refit and subsequent Operational Sea Training package. One of the most versatile ships in the Royal Navy, Protector will later this year deploy to the Antarctic where she will carry out work supporting the UK's obligations as one of the signatories to the Antarctic Treaties. In addition, the ship will support partner agencies within HM Government and work with others to develop understanding and further the natural preservation of the continent.
On 17 June while deployed in the Arctic, Protector's hydrographic specialists conducted ROV (Remotely Operated Vehicle) training, practising driving skills and getting a unique underwater perspective of the ice. Protector carries a SEABOTIX LBV300-5 ROV consisting of a control box with screen and joystick and as well as two cameras and has a sonar with about 20m range. Typically, these devices would be used at up to 50m depth for nearshore seabed surveys, wreck investigation, jetty survey or hull inspection. In the remote parts of the world with below freezing sea temperatures where Protector operates, the ROV provides these capabilities where divers would be restricted.


Aviation's contribution to cutting climate change likely to be small
23 June 2021

Although the emissions targets for aviation are in line with the overall goals of the Paris Agreement, there is a high likelihood that the climate impact of aviation will not meet these goals, according to a new study.
Aviation is an important contributor to the global economy, but contributes to climate change by creating carbon dioxide as well as non-CO2 effects such as forming nitrogen oxides, ozone and contrail cirrus clouds, which all contribute to global warming.
Researchers believe that, as long as the industry stages a recovery, the restrictions placed on global air travel in response to Covid-19 lockdown will only have a temporary effect on the overall climate impact of aviation.
Publishing their findings on 21 June in Nature Communications, an international research team including experts from the University of Birmingham believes that non-CO2 effects will continue to make a major contribution to aviation's climate impact over the coming years.


Stealth jets fight Daesh
22 June 2021

Illustrations Ministry of Defence Crown Copyright 2021 ©

The UK's Carrier Strike Group has joined the fight against Daesh with F-35 jets carrying out their very first combat missions from HMS Queen Elizabeth. This was reported by the Ministry of Defence on 22 June.
Stealth jets of 617 Squadron RAF (The Dambusters) carried out operational sorties for the first time from the carrier in support of Operation Shader and US Operation Inherent Resolve.
For the task group, which has spent previous weeks in the Mediterranean working with NATO allies and partners, it marks a change of emphasis. From exercises and international engagements, the Carrier Strike Group is now delivering its full might of naval and air power, putting the 'strike' into Carrier Strike Group and contributing to the UK's fight against Daesh -Operation Shader, which forms part of the Global Collation against Daesh.


ION complimentary webinar
15 June 2021

Join the ION on Monday, June 28 at 11:00 a.m. EDT for a complimentary webinar featuring Factor Graph Optimization for GNSS/INS Integration: A Comparison with the Extended Kalman Filter by Weisong Wen, Tim Pfeifer, Xiwei Bai and Li-Ta Hsu.
Factor Graph Optimization for GNSS/INS Integration: A Comparison with the Extended Kalman Filter was published in the Summer 2021 issue of NAVIGATION, Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 68, No. 2, pp. 315-331.
Factor graph optimization (FGO) recently has attracted attention as an alternative to the extended Kalman filter (EKF) for GNSS-INS integration.


The NOTAM system: A global campaign for improvement
09 June 2021

News has been received in recent weeks that the International Federation of Air Line Pilots' Associations (IFALPA) has drawn the attention of its members to the history behind the NOTAM (Notice To Airmen) system which is nearly as long as commercial aviation itself.
In a message to Members the Federation indicated that the burden of this history is clear in pilots' daily pre-flight information bulletins. There have been numerous efforts through the years to improve the system, but none have been successful. This year will be different. IFALPA is an active contributor to ICAO's Information Management Panel and the work of the Panel and its sub-groups will now bring the first concrete step of improvement to the NOTAM system, it is reported.
The first target of the process is quantity. There is a need to reduce the amount of valid NOTAMs. Globally, the volume of NOTAMs published has increased from 250k in 2000 to 1.7 million in 2020. One of the main issues is that too many of these NOTAMs remain published past their recommended duration of 90 days. Roughly 20% of all active NOTAMs in 2020 were older than 90 days.


The 2022 Israel Navigation Conference and Exhibition
06 June 2021

This Navigation Workshop is a biennial event organized and sponsored by the Israel Association for Automatic Control (IAAC). The IAAC is a non-profit organisation bringing together a large number of members from academe and industry interested in the broad areas of Control and System Theory.
Following the huge success of previous events, IAAC is now starting to organise the 2022 edition, scheduled for 31 January next, at the Daniel Hotel, Herzliya, Israel. This workshop is a one day event dedicated to technical talks that range from fundamental research, to applications, to field test results.
Topics of interest include positioning, navigation, and timing in all their variations, sensors, systems, optimal integration of multiple sensors, and novel or emerging technologies in the field of navigation.


The Navigator: Summer 2021 issue
03 June 2021

Effective use of navigational 'layers' to support and enhance decision-making and ways of getting the best out of modern Integrated Navigational Systems combine to become the focus of the latest edition of The Navigator, the free magazine published by The Nautical Institute aimed at maritime navigators around the world, which rolls off the presses this month.
The issue contains an in-depth feature about using ECDIS and radar alone and as part of a wider Integrated Navigation System, as well as a close look at Parallel Indexing and Line of Positions as key position fixing techniques. The UK P&I Club contributes an article on the importance of synchronising layers of navigational information, while the Royal Institute of Navigation looks into the future of electronic intelligence, navigational layering and data display.


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page last revised May 6, 2020