The IAIN newswire
You might find it convenient to subscribe to our RSS feed
Should you have news worthy of our readers' attention, please do feel free to send us your contribution. You keep us informed, we keep our readers informed.
UK to send emergency relief to Lebanon 07 August 2020
Following the explosion at Beirut Port on 4 August the UK Government announced a package of emergency support to Lebanon, making up to £5 million in emergency humanitarian funding available to help people made homeless by the disaster.
Furthermore, the UK offered enhanced support to the Lebanese Armed Forces, who are central to the Government of Lebanon's response, including tailored medical help, strategic air transport assistance, and engineering and communications support.
In addition the UK offered to send an EMT advance clinical advisory team who could provide initial assessment and coordination with search and rescue teams.
HMS Enterprise (illustrated) will steam to Lebanon to assess the damage of Beirut's port and help the port return to normal operations. Deployment of the ship will complement the immediate package of military and civilian support above.
ICAO unmanned aviation bulletin 2020-1 07 August 2020
On 31 July ICAO issued Unmanned Aviation Bulletin 2020/1, the fifth in the series, reporting on unmanned aviation operational and regulatory developments.
The Bulletin clarifies Key Terms applying to Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS), Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) and related activities.
Readers are invited to freely disseminate this Bulletin to colleagues, members of organisations or constituents.
Fourth DRONE ENABLE Symposium postponed to 2021 07 August 2020
Due to the ongoing impacts of travel restrictions, public health concerns of large gatherings and uncertainty in the short to medium term caused by COVID-19, ICAO has made the difficult decision to postpone the Fourth DRONE ENABLE Symposium, which was originally scheduled for 9 to 11 September 2020 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The symposium, renamed DRONE ENABLE 2021, will now be held from 13 to 15 April 2021, with the location remaining Rio de Janeiro.
ICAO has extended the submission deadline to 25 September 2020. Those that have already submitted responses are welcome to update their original submission and those that were unable to meet the original timeline are invited to provide a submission by the revised deadline.
IMO on Digitalization of shipping - more important than ever 02 August 2020
Digitalization, big data, and new technologies such as artificial intelligence are key in enabling the post-COVID recovery, IMO Secretary-General Kitack Lim told a 28 July webinar on Digital Connectivity and Data Standards1.
He commented: 'Cooperation between shipping, ports and logistics will be vital for enhancing the efficiency and sustainability of shipping and therefore facilitating trade and fostering economic recovery and prosperity.'
He highlighted IMO's key role in ensuring shipping can embrace the digital revolution - while ensuring safety, environmental protection as well as cyber security.
RAF Typhoons intercept over the Baltic 02 August 2020
On 31 July the (UK) Ministry of Defence reported that RAF fighter jets operating from Siauliai Air Base, Lithuania on Operation AZOTIZE had intercepted a Russian military formation operating over the Baltic Sea.
The Typhoons approached the Russian formation to identify its composition and established it was an IL-38 MAY Maritime Patrol Aircraft, being escorted by two SU-27 Flanker B Fighters.
This was the first time in recent years that the RAF have seen and intercepted a MAY which was operating alongside a Russian Oscar class submarine, which the Typhoons photographed on the surface as it transited towards the West across the Baltic Sea.
Indian Ocean Tsunami warning exercise 27 July 2020
At its 12th session held in Kish Island, Iran in March 2019, the Inter- governmental Coordination Group for the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System (ICG/IOTWMS) decided to organise an Indian Ocean Wave Exercise (IOWave20) in 2020 and established a Task Team to plan and conduct the exercise. At its intersessional meeting held in Jakarta, Indonesia on 29 September 2019, the Task Team decided to conduct the IOWave20 exercise on 6, 13 and 20 October 2020.
IOWave20 will simulate Indian Ocean countries being put in a tsunami warning situation and require the National Tsunami Warning Centre (NTWC) and the National and/or Local Disaster Management Offices (NDMO/LDMO) in each country to implement their Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs).
Sulphur-sniffing drone checking emissions 26 July 2020
According to the Danish Maritime Authority (DMA) this drone is provided by the European Maritime Safety Agency, and will operate in a specific area north of the Great Belt. This is the second time EMSA has tested a sulphur-sniffing drone in Denmark. Last year, a different model patrolled in the area for three months. The new drone has previously been used for various surveillance tasks.
By flying into the ship's exhaust gas plume, the drone can use its sniffer technology to register the sulphur content in the ship's fuel. These data are immediately available to the Danish Environmental Protection Agency, who can then follow up if a ship is emitting too much sulphur.
ScanReach innovation boost for onboard wireless connectivity 22 July 2020
Innovation Norway reported on 22 July that it had awarded financing to ScanReach for a series of development projects to make operations safer, greener and more efficient at sea by bringing wireless connectivity to the maritime and offshore industries. Valued at NOK 18,5 million, it is one of the largest support packages of its kind from Innovation Norway this year.
To quote John Roger Nesje, ScanReach CEO: 'ScanReach has spent the last five years developing a unique technology for onboard wireless digital communication through steel. Applying this technology will be a key driver for digitalization and optimization of the global maritime industry, while creating enormous opportunities for value creation in the Norwegian maritime industry.'
ION Joint Navigation Conference 2020 cancelled 20 July 2020
The Institute of Navigation (ION) has announced that the annual ION Joint Navigation Conference JNC scheduled to take place September 8-11 in in Covington, Kentucky/Cincinnati, Ohio, has been cancelled. This decision was made in light of COVID-19 and the current DOD/government travel restrictions that are limiting travel. The restricted nature of the JNC conference does not make a virtual experience possible.
A Guide to Port and Terminal Management 19 July 2020
As we are all well aware ports are essential in facilitating the movement of goods from one area of the world to another. Over time the size and complexity of ports have increased, but basic needs remain the same.
A Guide to Port and Terminal Management by Capt. Bill Chalmers, FICS, is aimed at students and port employees who intend to broaden understanding of their industry.
The focus of this book is on the Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers' syllabus and examinations for Port and Terminal Management. This book provides an additional source of reading for candidates who are undertaking not only these examinations but studying other recognized courses.
EASA and EUROCONTROL joint unit cements cooperation 11 July 2020
Director General EUROCONTROL Eamonn Brennan and the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) Executive Director Patrick Ky together officially opened the joint EASA-EUROCONTROL Technical and Coordination Office (TeCO) at EUROCONTROL's Brussels HQ on 10 July. The Office is designed to improve the efficiency of the two organisations' joint activities.
Safety and efficient running of air traffic in Europe is based on a complex system, which comprises harmonised air traffic management and air navigation services managed by a number of different organisations. EASA acts as the European regulator of the system while EUROCONTROL is the pan-European civil-military aviation organisation playing a central coordination role.
ION announces five-year Journal impact factor growth 10 July 2020
The Institute of Navigation (ION) is pleased to announce the continued growth of NAVIGATION, The Journal of The Institute of Navigation, reflected in the latest Journal Impact Factor (JIF) report. NAVIGATION's Journal Impact Factor has now increased to 1.7, representing a 303% five-year increase from 0.562.
The JIF of an academic journal is a measurement tool used to calculate the yearly average number of citations to recent articles published in a journal and is an indication of the relative importance of the journal within its field. It is generally recognized that journals with higher impact factors are deemed more important than those with lower ones due to its citation rate.
GNSS+ 2020 will go virtual 10 July 2020
The ION has announced that the annual ION GNSS+ 2020 conference will now be held entirely virtual. This decision was made after careful consideration and in light of COVID-19 and the domestic and international travel restrictions that make it impossible for many speakers and participants to participate in person.
'The virtual platform is the best way to deliver a meaningful technical program experience to all participants,' said Lisa Beaty, Executive Director.
ION GNSS+ 2020 VIRTUAL will be held over the original dates, September 21-25, in Central Daylight Time and will live stream the plenary and all panel keynote sessions, including the Civil GPS Service Committee meeting, through the virtual web platform. These sessions will also be recorded and uploaded for viewing at a later time. Interactive question and answer will take place virtually.
AutoNaut USV maps North Sea soundscape 09 July 2020
AutoNaut has played a vital role in enabling The Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ) to seize upon the quiet of the COVID-19 quarantine to map the underwater soundscape of the Belgian section of the North Sea.
Using its near silent AutoNaut USV research vessel, Adhemar (pictured), VLIZ has been able to record current noise levels, which will be compared with the marine soundscape once normal sea traffic and marine activities resume. This will help, it is reported, to determine the impact of manmade noise on natural sea life and the marine environment, building a picture of the marine soundscape in conditions that may never again be possible.
New NI President - Focus on three challenges 07 July 2020
The newly elected President of The Nautical Institute, Jillian Carson-Jackson has vowed to help the Institute and the wider maritime community meet three important challenges - those of diversity and inclusion, branch engagement and managing the impact of technology.
Speaking at the Nautical Institute Annual General Meeting she announced a pledge from the Institute on diversity and inclusion: 'There has been a concerted effort over the past years to raise visibility of not just women, but the overall role of diversity and inclusion in maritime. The pledge of the Institute, as a global body for maritime professionals, is to show its commitment to encourage, support and celebrate a diverse and inclusive maritime industry.'
ICS REQUEST THAT ALL SHIPS IN PORT SOUND TO HIGHLIGHT THE CREW CHANGE ISSUE 01 July 2020
Action required: To ask member companies, shipowners, managers, port operators and any relevant national stakeholder to encourage ships captains to sound their horns when in port at 12.00 local on Wednesday, 8 July as a way of reminding governments not to forget the crew change issue ahead of a ministerial summit meeting on the subject.
UK government and UN commit to protect seafarers 30 June 2020
UK will hold first summit to address the impact of coronavirus on shipping crew changes.
- Government will call on the international community to come together to ensure swift repatriation;
- Estimated 200,000 seafarers due to change over, with concerns around the impact on wellbeing.
Marking the International Day of the Seafarer, the UK government on 25 June announced it will host the first international summit on the impact of COVID-19 on crew changes next month, bringing together UN, political and business leaders from across the globe.
INC, ENC & IWC joint event 29 June 2020
In 2021, the International Navigation Conference, the European Navigation Conference and the IAIN World Congress will meet at the EICC in Edinburgh, Scotland, November 15-18.
The (UK) Rail Accident Investigation Branch 20 June 2020
Since it became operational in 2005, RAIB has investigated numerous incidents in which signaller decision-making has been pivotal, and where the safety of the railway system was heavily dependent on those decisions (that is, scenarios in which there were no, or limited, engineered safeguards).
Under its remit, RAIB also collected industry data on several similar incidents over a five-year period which again highlighted the vulnerable nature of such decision-making. In the light of these incidents, the RAIB undertook a class investigation into what affects those decisions, recognising that they may be influenced by a variety of systemic factors.
Complimentary webinar 20 June 2020
Join us June 25, 2020 at 11:00am EDT for a complimentary webinar 'When GNSS fails, what will you do? MarRINav!'
Co-sponsored by the Royal Institute of Navigation, the Resilient Navigation and Timing Foundation, and the Maritime Resilience and Integrity of Navigation (MarRINav) project, 'When GNSS fails, what will you do?' will present analysis and insights from Phase 1 of the MarRINav project
ITM & PTTI 2021 17 June 2020
Submit your abstract today for the Institute of Navigation's (ION) COMBINED International Technical Meeting (ITM) and the Precise Time and Time Interval (PTTI) Systems and Applications Meeting. The co-located conferences will take place January 25-28, 2021 at the Hyatt Regency Mission Bay in San Diego, California. Abstracts are due October 7, 2020.
ITM & PTTI 2021 are co-located - ONE registration fee, TWO technical events and a commercial exhibit.
FSSCat/Φ-sat-1 ready for launch 16 June 2020
The first artificial intelligence to be carried onboard a European Earth observation mission will be launched this week from Europe's spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana. The pioneering artificial intelligence technology named Φ-sat-1, pronounced PhiSat-1, will be the first experiment to improve the efficiency of sending vast quantities of data back to Earth.
PICASSO CubeSat to sift secrets from sunrise 16 June 2020
There is always a sunrise and sunset happening somewhere on our planet. Soon a new Belgium-led CubeSat - flying aboard Europe's Vega launcher this Sunday - will be keeping watch. The miniature PICASSO mission will use the filtering of sunlight by Earth's atmosphere to check the health of our protective ozone layer.
CubeSats are miniature satellites built up from standardised 10-cm boxes. The PICo-satellite for Atmospheric and Space Science Observations, or PICASSO, developed with ESA by the Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (BISA), is a '3-unit' CubeSat with two scientific payloads. It hosts a cut-down spectrometer for monitoring the atmosphere, as well as sampling probes (called 'SLP') to measure space plasma around the nanosatellite.
Storm hunter turns two 16 June 2020
The Atmosphere-Space Interactions Monitor or ASIM, mounted outside the European laboratory of the International Space Station, enters its second year of science operations.
Specifically, ASIM is on the hunt for elusive electrical discharges in the upper atmosphere, or lightning that extends upwards into space. These discharges have alluring names like red sprites, blue jets and elves and have been reported by pilots over the years.
Martian rover motors ahead 16 June 2020
European engineers, together with Canada, are working on the technologies needed to find and retrieve samples from Mars, as part of ESA's plans to send material from the Red Planet to Earth.
The Sample Fetch Rover will need to navigate autonomously, detect tubes of samples collected and packed by an earlier NASA rover, pick them up and return them to Earth.
ION GNSS+ 2020 virtual registration optiona announced 15 June 2020
The Institute of Navigation (ION) is announcing that the ION GNSS+ 2020 will now have a virtual option for those unable to attend due to travel restrictions. With the goal of increasing global accessibility to everyone who wants to participate, the ION GNSS+ 2020 virtual option will mirror the technical program being presented live, September 21-25 in St. Louis, Missouri, giving attendees access to the latest GNSS developments and premium content through an innovative and timely online experience. In addition, virtual meeting attendance will be free for all first-time ION GNSS+ attendees.
Rideshare service for light satellites to launch on Vega 12 June 2020
It was reported by the European Space Agency (ESA) on 12 June that Europe's next Vega launch will premiere a new dispenser called the Small Spacecraft Mission Service, or SSMS. The vehicle will transport more than 50 satellites at once into orbit on the first rideshare mission dedicated to light satellites. Liftoff from Europe's Spaceport in French Guiana is set for week commencing 14 June.
When GNSS fails, what will you do? MarRINav! 12 June 2020
It's well known that GPS and other satellite navigation systems are vulnerable to disruption. The MarRINav project provides a phased approach towards achieving resilient positioning, navigation and timing in the maritime domains.
The webinar scheduled for 25 June will present:
- how maritime positioning requirements were systematically developed
- assessment of current and future positioning systems to deliver the required performance and integrity
- rigorous gap analysis, showing where performance falls short and options to solve these issues
-road-map of steps needed, and by whom, towards maritime resilient positioning.
First type certification for fully electric plane worldwide 11 June 2020
From Cologne on 10 June the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) announced the certification of an electric aeroplane, the Pipistrel Velis Electro, the first type certification worldwide of a fully electric aircraft and an important milestone in the quest for environmentally sustainable aviation.
The Velis Electro is a two-seater aircraft intended primarily for pilot training. Slovenia-based Pipistrel is a leading small aircraft designer and manufacturer, specialised in energy-efficient and affordable high-performance aircraft.
South Africa's maritime safety legislation 10 June 2020
South Africa's President Cyril Ramaphosa has signed into law legislation that will improve the safety of navigation in South Africa's territorial waters. The Presidency made the announcement in a statement on 5 June.
The Hydrographic Act provides for the establishment of the Hydrographic Office as a unit within the South African Navy, with the responsibility for the safety of navigation in South Africa's exclusive economic zone and the internal waters of the Republic.
The office will ensure that hydrographic surveying is carried out in accordance with international specifications and will issue sailing directions, notices to mariners and nautical publications in addition to the provision of other services.
IMO and UNCTAD urge keeping ships moving, ports open and cross-border trade flowing 10 June 2020
The world's reliance on maritime transport makes it more important than ever to keep ships moving, ports open and cross-border trade flowing, and to support ship crew changeovers, the United Nations maritime and trade entities said in a joint statement issued on 8 June 2020 and available here.
The IMO and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), which tracks world trade, reiterated calls for Governments to promote crew well-being by allowing crew changes and ensuring seafarers and other maritime personnel have access to documentation and travel options so that they can return home safely.
For further information and guidance on coronavirus readers are invited to see here.
Thailand team wins UN access to ESA hypergravity centrifuge 09 June 2020
ESA and the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs have selected a team from Mahidol University, Thailand to carry out research using ESA's hypergravity-generating Large Diameter Centrifuge. The team will see how watermeal - the smallest flowering plant on Earth, even smaller than the more familiar duckweed - responds to changing gravity levels to assess its usefulness for space-based life support systems.
ICS Publications embraces digitalisation 08 June 2020
The ever-increasing pace of digital connectivity on board ship has led to the rapid development of onboard communications. Digitalisation is challenging traditional shipping practices, and the shipping industry demands instant access to information. In addition to ensuring safe implementation of these new ways of working the International Chamber of Shipping (ICS) has now made a wide range of its essential maritime publications available as ebooks.
IAIN representative report - CIRM 03 June 2020
Here is the latest report from the IAIN's representative at the CIRM.
IAIN representative report - ICG 03 June 2020
Here is the latest report from the IAIN's representative at the ICG.
IAIN representative report - IMO 03 June 2020
Here is the latest report from the IAIN's representative at IMO.
IAIN representative report - ICAO 03 June 2020
Here is the latest report from the IAIN's representative at ICAO.
IAIN representative report - RNTF 03 June 2020
Here is the latest report from the IAIN's representative at RNTF, the Resilient Navigation and Timing Foundation.
The Institute of Navigation launches its new ION Online Job Board 02 June 2020
Responding to the need for a specialized PNT community job board, the Institute of Navigation has launched a new ION Online Job Board. This was reported by ION from its HQ in Manassas, Virginia on 1 June.
Lisa Beaty, ION Executive Director, commented: 'To meet the burgeoning demand for a targeted talent pool specific to the PNT community, the new ION Online Job Board will help connect qualified job seekers with exciting and diverse employment opportunities for this niche audience, and in turn will help our corporate members continue to build talented teams to better ensure the success of their business.'
CANSO and Metron Aviation new partnership 27 May 2020
It was announced from Amsterdam on 27 May that the Civil Air Navigation Services Organisation (CANSO) will provide Metron Aviation's commercial demand prediction tool - Horizon - to global air navigation service providers (ANSPs) on a complimentary basis until the end of October 2020. It is understood that the enhanced information regarding traffic demand the tool provides will be particularly helpful to ensure efficient management of traffic flows as travel restrictions are lifted and air traffic levels restored.
Horizon is a web-based application that provides demand predictions for arriving, departing and en route aircraft based on scheduled, planned and actual data. The system combines flight plan and surveillance feeds to offer strategic, pre-tactical and tactical demand predictions for traffic flying through airspace. It will enhance ANSPs' situational awareness and increase the predictability of airport and airspace usage.
Safety of navigation remains paramount 25 May 2020
As the world continues to be in quarantine, provision of aids to navigation are essential services vital for the safety of marine navigation and the continuous flow of trade be it food, fuel and medical supplies, along with the many other commodities and raw materials upon which we all depend daily.
One of IALA's national members, the Directorate General of Lighthouses and Lightships (DGLL) of India has produced a video reassuring the general public of their commitment to keeping their service fully operational and to ensure safety of marine navigation along India's coastline despite the confinement.
Rolls-Royce reorganisation statement 24 May 2020
In response to news in week ending 23 May of job cuts at Rolls-Royce, Andrew Bradley, Chair of the Aerospace Board at the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, commented: 'This week Rolls-Royce has announced plans to reduce its workforce by 9000, the vast majority of which will be in its Civil Aerospace division. This is a sad reflection of the hit to the Civil Aviation market by Covid-19. Boeing has estimated that for 2020 worldwide Revenue Passenger Kilometres will reduce by 50% from 2019 levels.'
The 2019 Alexander Dalrymple Award 20 May 2020
On 18 May the United Kingdom Hydrographic Office (UKHO) reported that the 2019 Alexander Dalrymple Award has been presented to Vice-Admiral Vinay Badhwar, National Hydrographer to the Government of India, in recognition of his outstanding contribution to Indian hydrography and across the wider Indian Ocean region.
As National Hydrographer, Vice-Admiral Badhwar has been a pivotal member of the International Hydrographic Organization's Capacity Building Sub-Committee since its creation. He also leads the Indian Naval Hydrographic Office's own regional Capacity Building programmes, coordinating efforts to help Indian Ocean coastal states to develop their hydrographic and cartographic capabilities - an important step to unlocking each of these states' blue economies.
Seafarers are feeling let down and abandoned by their governments 18 May 2020
IFSMA calls upon Governments to adopt the 'Framework of protocols for ensuring safe ship crew changes and travel during the COVID-19 pandemic' without delay to allow ship owners and management companies to change over their dangerously tired crews.
Governments must act now in order to avoid personal injury to, and mental breakdown of, seafarers and avoid the significant risk of accidents and consequential danger to life and the environment.
IFSMA is receiving an increasing number of reports from its ship masters' associations around the world concerned for the welfare and safety of crews and the increased risk with which they are operating in an already high risk environment. Seafarers are feeling let down and abandoned by their Governments.
IMO and protection from infection advice 17 May 2020
During the COVID-19 pandemic, it is crucial that all personnel involved are protected from infection, including those onboard ships and shore personnel who may need to temporarily go on ships or interact with seafarers. This message was emphasised by IMO on 14 May.
IMO has circulated World Health Organization (WHO) guidance on the safe and effective use of personal protective equipment (PPE), to support decisions on use of PPE to minimize the risks of COVID-19 infection for seafarers, marine personnel, fishing vessel personnel, passengers and others on board ships. This guidance also applies to shore personnel intending to go on board (such as pilots, port workers, port State control officers, ships' agents and so forth); and when any of these people interact with each other.
To support decision making and risk assessment, IMO has also circulated practical measures to address COVID-19 risks for all people involved on ships and in ports when they may need to interact with each other,
COVID-19 impact on the European air traffic network 17 May 2020
While over a million flights fewer have operated across the European network compared with 2019 since the COVID-19 pandemic hit Europe, air traffic is now slowly starting to pick up. As the recovery slowly started, on 30 April, the first edition of the NOP 2020 Recovery Plan was published.
The Plan will be issued every Friday, and reviewed by video conference every Monday by operational stakeholders in the Ad hoc Enlarged NDOP Recovery Cell, a body that brings Europe's Network ANSPs, airports, airlines and military Directors of Operations together to enhance performance and tackle issues on a network basis.
US Maritime Patrol and Reconnaissance Force passes key milestones 16 May 2020
The second week of May marked a number of noteworthy milestones for US Naval Aviation and the Maritime Patrol and Reconnaissance Force (MPRF).
Patrol Squadron (VP) 40 completed a Safe-For-Flight evaluation on 14 May for acceptance of their first P-8A Poseidon, the culminating event of a six-month transition from the P-3C Orion. VP-40 represents the twelfth and final active component VP squadron to transition from the P-3C Orion to the state-of-the-art P-8A Poseidon platform, a process that began eight years ago with VP-16 aboard NAS Jacksonville.
The last P-3C to return from that deployment now resides at the National Naval Aviation Museum in Pensacola, Florida. The museum and MPRF leadership are in the planning stages of a formal ceremony and display.
The Navigation Flashlight 12 May 2020
From our Austrian member institute, the Österreichischer Verein für Navigation, we have received word of the latest issue of their regular publication, The Navigation Flashlight. It is published three times a year, currently in its twentieth year of publication and it is in German.
USN and RN elements in the Barents Sea 09 May 2020
On 8 May US Naval Forces Europe-Africa / US Sixth Fleet Public Affairs reported that US guided-missile destroyers and a British frigate had departed the Barents Sea that day following seven days of Arctic operations.
As the Arctic continues to become more accessible to maritime traffic, naval proficiency in the region is critical to regional security, global commerce, and American national interests. The SAG's operations provided the opportunity for Sailors to demonstrate their readiness for sustained Arctic operations in the unique and challenging environment.
Shutdown of AMSA's differential global positioning system (DGPS) service 05 May 2020
This was announced by AMSA from Canberra on 5 May.
AMSA established its radiobeacon DGPS service in the 1990s, to improve the accuracy and integrity of GPS information for ships navigating off the coast of Australia. At the time, the publicly available GPS signal was intentionally degraded, resulting in large position errors of up to 200 metres. Augmentation was necessary to correct for these errors and meet minimum requirements for maritime positioning and navigation.
In the year 2000, the intentional error in GPS positioning was removed. Since then system technology has improved and the GPS constellation has been modernised. Observed positional accuracy for unaugmented GPS now consistently meets IMO requirements for accuracy in harbour and harbour-approach navigation.
Annual meeting of the IAIN Officers' Committee 04 May 2020
In accordance with Article 7 of the Association's Constitution, a meeting of the committee of Officers will take place virtually, by teleconference on 11 May 2020. This is instead of the meeting planned to take place during the European Navigation Conference 2020 in Dresden on the same date.
An invitation to GSC'20 04 May 2020
You are cordially invited to participate in GSC'20 - the annual meeting of graduate students in the field of Control and Systems Theory.
The event is organized by Professor A Khina and Professor M Margaliot from the School of Electrical Engineering, Tel Aviv University, and will be held on-line on 4 May, 2020.
52 Results found.
page last revised May 6, 2020